The Québec education system is secular. It is free for Québec residents, from kindergarten to college (post-secondary) inclusively.
Education is offered in French or English, depending on the language of instruction in each school. However, since French is the official language of Québec, children of immigrants, regardless of their parents’ mother tongue, are usually required to attend a francophone school until the end of secondary studies.
The Basics: Grade 1-12
Preschool prepares children for primary school. It provides them with a structured environment that fosters their development and the acquisition of skills that will facilitate their entry into primary school and promote school success.
Kindergarten is offered:
To be admitted to a primary school, your child must be six years old before October 1 of the school year for which he or she has been registered.
Primary school is six years. It consists of three education cycles of two years each. Children with adaptation problems can benefit from specialized services.
After primary school, students must continue their education at the secondary school level, which is composed of two cycles. The first cycle of two years offers a common basic curriculum. The second cycle of three years includes three educational paths:
Childcare services in schools
Kindergarten or primary school schedules rarely coincide with those of working parents, with the school day usually ending at 3:00 p.m. Most schools offer childcare services in the school (generally for $7 a day) to look after children before classes start in the morning, at noontime and after school. Students who attend the school’s childcare service can use this time to do homework. Childcare services in schools are also offered during pedagogical days and on other occasions, as needed.
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